Program C: Sustainable Agricultural Development

1. Main Achievments:

Pilot Project for Recycling of Agricultural Residues: Wasted Banana Fibres Extracted, Processed and Manufactured

  • A field visit was conducted to the Sohag governorate to review the available equipment for banana fibres extraction
  • A meeting was held with Institute of Agricultural Mechanization Research, Agriculture Research Centre to investigate possible collaboration in manufacturing needed equipment for extracting Banana Fibres
  • The process of identifying capable Community Development Association (CDA) to collaborate in implementing the project is underway. Few CDAs were visited and interviewed. Protocol preparation is currently underway and will be signed upon final selection.

Farmer Field Schools for Hydroponics Practiced and Sustained 

  • Few CDAs were interviewed and assessed to select the most suitable CDA for partnership.  A protocol is under preparation with the El Zahaleeq Community Development Association, Al Taramsa Village, Qena District.
  • The market was surveyed for desalination units and compost tea
  • The Director of Agriculture in Qena has expressed interest in collaborating with ENID through the implementation of enhancing farmers capacities through Farmer Field Schools (FFS), and the Ministry of Agriculture suggested including plant protection sessions within the FFS within the Hydroponic model.

Chain for Integrated Fish Farms Enhanced and Sustained

  • The first production cycle for the sheep (50 heads in Al Ghab and 25 heads in Shiekh Essa) was completed in both locations and the live animals were sold with profit (average weight  per animal bought at the beginning of the production cycle in Al Ghab was 26.2 kg/head for LE 35/kg and at the end of the production cycle sold at a weight of 45.6 kg/head for LE 50/kg - for Shiekh Essa the average weight per animal at the beginning of the cycle was 16.5 kg/head for a price of LE 35/kg and sold at the end of the cycle at an average weight of 38.5 at a price of LE 50/kg).
  • The new animals needed for the second production cycle were procured in both locations. The animals were bought using the earnings from selling the first herd in both locations.
  • As a sign of sustainability, the Governorate decided to increase the number of animals from 50 heads to 100 heads in Al Ghab. 
  • The Governorate started to build a new barn with similar dimensions as the original one. 
  • Meetings were held with experts from the Institute of Agricultural Mechanization Research, Agriculture Research Centre to investigate about possible collaboration in manufacturing needed equipment for Feed Mixing and production. 
  • The selected model will mix feed concentrates for fish, poultry and sheep with the capacity of 250 kg/hour. The planned model has the capacity to meet the project needs and for selling the rest to ensure profits in the future for the project.
  • The work has been resumed to finalize the instalment of the remaining parts of the solar energy unit.
  • A compost matrix was established from recycling agricultural residues. The produced compost will be used for fertilizing the soil for feed production.

Milk Processing and Recycling Network Established and Sustained

  • 2 new Cream separators have been orders for the operating 2 large units in Keriateia and Kom El Dabaa.
  • The remaining cream separators are being renovated and are undergoing maintenance to be rehabilitated in order to work at full capacity
  • A tractor and milling machine are being procured for the Community Development Association in Koum Al Dabaa village in the Naqaada District (or a collaborating CDA) for establishing the recycling network.
  • Meetings held with the CDAs in Keriatia and Koum Al Dabaa to initiate the networking with households, veterinary services and non-traditional feed production.

Poultry Network Chain Enhanced and Sustained

  • A decision was made to start with 2 CDAs in collaboration with Programs A and B, namely, Al Gamaleya Community Development Association, Al Gamaleya, Qous (programme B) and Al Ikhlas Association, Al Kharanqa Village, Qous (programme A) to support the integration of the ENID project as a whole.
  • New improved and detailed Protocols were prepared and signed with the  selected 2 CDAs
  • The remaining 3 CDAs will be selected through a process that have started to choose the 3 CDAs from a list of 25 CDAs that have been nominated for the project
  • Social Solidarity Office and Social Development Fund were consulted within the selection process of the CDAs.
  • Procurement for the batteries, chickens, hatcheries and feed has been initiated and price offers were obtained.

Safe Goat Raising Introduced

  • The Hager Al Dahsa Community Development Association, Al Dahsa, Farshout was selected as a partner and the protocol has been prepared and signed.
  • Goat Raising experts conducted a visit to review the types of goat breeds in the market that can be used.
  • For the remaining CDAs a process of filtration will take place from the list of 25 CDAs that have been nominated for the project.

Improved Model for Molasses Production and Marketing Established and Operated

  • An expert was identified and will be working with ENID for the duration of the project - Dr. Ahmed Zaki 
  • Attempting to conduct and experiment to cultivate and squeeze sweet corn in Al Ghab, Qena District an effort to make the molasses extractor work all year round instead of working 5-6 months per year. The product will later be used for tobacco manufacturing and not human consumption.
  • A field visit was conducted to review different types of Molasses production in Al Minya and Aswan.
  • A field visit was conducted by the ENID team to review the traditional ways of making molasses in Sharki Samhoud village, Abou Tisht District, Qena.
  • The price list of required equipment were obtained and under assessment.

Improved Model for Bee-Keeping and Honey Production and Marketing Established and Operated

  • An expert was identified and will be working with ENID for the duration of the project; Mr. Yehia Ashour
  • Surveying areas for the best bee-hives to proceed with the project
  • Several meetings with Mr. Yehia Ashour have been held and a work plan was decided, complete with a list of equipment for the creation of the first hive
  • Based on expert recommendations, 2017 should be for procuring materials and equipment to begin work in February 2018

A Summary Review of the UNDP-Coca Cola World Initiative (Recycling Banana Residues and Saving Water)  January-June 2017: Improving Water Management in Upper Egypt: A model for Using Recycled Agricultural Residues as a Base for Community-Based Modern Agricultural Practices

  • The experiment implemented in Sharki Samhood (North of Qena) to assess water saving due to the use of compost and modern irrigation methods has been completed with a Community Development Association (CDA) under the extension of phase 2 of the project and data were collected and disseminated among community youth and women
  • A new experiment was designed and implemented for improving water management through farming under plastic tunnels / ditches using compost as the growth/culture media to improve community based water management in sandy and saline soil types. The needed equipment were procured and installed in Al Ghab site, District of Qena.
  • A training and awareness raising programme for small farmers and community youth was designed and implemented through tailored sessions of Farmers Field Schools for improving water management in agriculture
  • 3 workshops (2 in Qena and 1 in Qous districts) were held for disseminating results of improved water management and recycling of agricultural residues for field crops in Central and South areas within Qena (Qous and Qena Districts). The workshops were implemented in collaboration with relevant local Governorate agencies and CDAs. 2 workshops were held on Wednesday May 17th (one theoretical session and one practical session (field day)  in Qena and one theoretical session in Qous) and 1 workshop was held on Thursday May 18th (one theoretical session and one practical session (field day) in Qena).
  • The number of participants in the 2 field days mentioned above for demonstrating the water saving experiment for farmers and extension specialists on Wednesday May 17th, and Thursday May 18th, 2017 exceeding the target with 202 participants (30% women). A policy brief on water management and saving under modern water saving techniques and compost use was prepared
  • A separate report for the UNDP-Coca Cola World Initiative has been prepared.


  • ENID held its annual conference titled “Towards Effective Partnerships for Sustainable Development” from 11-12 February 2017 in Luxor. The Sustainable Agriculture Development Program (SADP) was namely discussing its achievements during Phase I (2012-2016) of the project and how they were made possible because of the program’s utilization of Public-Private Partnership, and later Phase II was also discussed with regards to the SADP’s future plans. 
  • A visit to the Integrated Fish Farm in Al Ghab Village in the Qena District was held by (H.E) Sahar Nasr the Minister of International Cooperation on March 25th, 2017. 

2. Challenges and Lessons Learned:

  • Economic reform measures in Egypt such as floating the exchange rate for the Egyptian Pounds and reducing subsidies for gasoline and electricity are causing an increase in procurement cost for equipment and other needed services for implementation.
  • The heat wave of late June/ early July 2017 caused some damage to roof gardens and in the fish farms.
  • Adequate time should be devoted to the proper selection of the collaborating CDA through a systematic selection criterion.
  • Specific changes need to be introduced to the number of models for specific projects to ensure sufficiency of the estimated budget. An assessment will be made using the current market prices to adjust the number of duplicated models in each project. Special attention will be paid to the hydroponic and goat projects.

3. Future Workplan: 

  • Monitoring and follow up will be intensified for all implemented activities in the second half of 2017, as planned. 
  • Procurement of equipment for all projects, as planned.
  • Carry out needed training activities, as planned for all projects.


Team Leader: Dr. Dyaa Abdou